What Zone Is Mississauga For Planting

what zone is mississauga for planting

Understanding Mississauga’s Plant Hardiness Zone: A Guide to Successful Gardening

Mississauga, a vibrant city located on the shores of Lake Ontario, is known for its lush green parks, alluring nature trails, and beautiful landscapes. Whether you are a homeowner looking to beautify your outdoors or a horticulturist aiming to understand the local plant biodiversity, it's critical to understand the plant hardiness zone of Mississauga.

What is a Plant Hardiness Zone?

A plant hardiness zone represents a geographic area delineating certain climatic conditions relevant to the growth and survival of various types of plants. It’s based primarily on the annual average minimum winter temperature. By knowing the hardiness zone of a region, gardeners can determine which plants are most likely to thrive there.

Mississauga's Plant Hardiness Zone

Mississauga falls under USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 6b and Canadian Plant Hardiness Zone 7a. This intersperses a variety of plants that can tolerate an annual extreme minimum temperature between -20.5 to -17.8°C (USDA system), or average annual minimum temperatures between -17.8 to -15°C (Canadian system).

Understanding the Factors Impacting Plant Growth in Mississauga

The unique geographical location and climate of Mississauga pave the way for diverse plant life. The proximity to Lake Ontario helps moderate temperatures, reducing the risk of frost during the growing season. 1.


Mississippians get to experience all four seasons, with considerably warm summers and chilly winters. The plant's growth cycle starts during the spring (April-May) and goes through until the fall (September-October). 2.

Soil Conditions

The city’s soil is largely loamy, a mix of sand, silt, and a little clay. This type of soil is great for plant growth, as it retains essential nutrients and water, while also providing adequate drainage.

Native Plants Thriving in Mississauga’s Hardiness Zone

Given its hardiness zone, many perennials, shrubs, and trees native to Ontario thrive in "The ’Sauga". These include: 1.


Bitternut Hickory, Eastern Hemlock, and White Oak are some of the native trees that grow well here. 2.


Shrubs such as Round-Leaf Dogwood, Nannyberry, and Red-Osier Dogwood are apt for Mississauga's climate. 3.


Wild Bergamot, Brown-Eyed Susan, and Blue Vervain are a few perennials that are suitable for gardening in the city.

Adding Exotic Flair to Your Mississauga Garden

While native plants are always a great choice for your garden, Mississauga's hardiness zone also allows several non-native, or exotic plants, to flourish. Non-native plants like peonies, daylilies and hostas, and trees like the Japanese maple, can add unique charm to your Mississauga garden.

Final Thoughts

Mississauga's plant hardiness zone offers a diverse range of native and exotic flora that can be cultivated to enliven any garden or landscape. Understanding the hardiness zones and the specific care each plant requires can help ensure an abundant and healthy garden year after year.

Sources and Further Reading

For a more exhaustive list of plants that you can grow in Mississauga, check the following resources: 1. The USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map: https://planthardiness.ars.usda.gov/ 2. Natural Resources Canada – Plant Hardiness of Canada: https://www.planthardiness.gc.ca/ Happy Planting!