The Complete Guide of the Sudanese Pound

The Sudanese Pound (SDG): A Historical and Economic Exploration

The Birth of The Sudanese Pound

The Sudanese Pound, abbreviated as SDG, was first introduced in 1956 when Sudan gained its independence from British-Egyptian rule. It replaced the Egyptian Pound at par, and was subdivided into 100 piastres or qirush in Arabic. The Sudanese Pound was the currency of choice until 1992, then reintroduced in 2007 to replace the Sudanese Dinar following a period of hyperinflation.

Historical Variations and Denominations of the SDG

Since the creation of the Sudanese Pound, different versions have been introduced. The initial 1956 series comprised of 5, 10, and 20 pounds. In 1983, a 50-pound note was included and redesigned in 1984.

  • In 1991, a new series was issued with denominations ranging from 5 to 1,000 pounds.
  • After the 2005 peace agreement, a new series was issued in 2006 in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, and 50 pounds.
  • Subsequently, in 2011, a new series was released following the independence of South Sudan, with denominations of 5, 10, 25, 50 and 100 pounds.

Current Currency Banknotes and Coins

As of now, the central bank of Sudan has released six denominations of banknotes. They span from 5 to 500 SDGs and are presented with vibrant colours and aesthetic symbolism of Sudan’s culture and heritage.

  • The lower denomination banknotes depict industry and cultivation scenes – an illustration of the country's economic backbone.
  • The higher denomination banknotes portray Sudan's diverse historical figures, from sovereigns to leaders of popular risings.

In addition to banknotes, coins are also in circulation. The current series of coins includes denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, and 50 piastres.

The Sudanese Pound's Role in International Trade

Generally, the Sudanese Pound is not the preferred currency for global trade due to its fluctuations and economic instability in Sudan. Despite the rich natural resources, political instability and economic sanctions have prompted a decline in the value of the pound. Over the years, it has depreciated against major global currencies like the US dollar and the Euro.

The Economic Implications of the Sudanese Pound

The value of the Sudanese Pound has an enormous impact on Sudan's overall economy. Over the past decade, the country has experienced significant inflation rates coupled with currency depreciation. As the value of the SDG diminishes, the cost of imports rises, impacting the country’s balance of trade. This often leads to a significant increase in domestic prices and economic hardships for the population.


The Sudanese Pound (SDG) is a significant symbol of Sudan's rich history and culture. Despite the numerous economic challenges the country faces, the Sudanese Pound remains a unique currency with deep historical roots. Its design is a testament to the country's diverse culture and economic structure. The future developments in Sudan, and subsequently the SDG, will continue to garner global attention as important considerations in international economics.

Sudanese Pound Banknotes